Galloway Township is a township in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. At 115.2 square miles (298 km2) of total area, Galloway Township is the largest municipality in the State of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township’s population was 37,349, reflecting an increase of 6,140 (+19.7%) from the 31,209 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,879 (+33.8%) from the 23,330 counted in the 1990 Census; The increase of more than 14,000 in population since the 1990 Census was the 11th-highest in the state.
Galloway Township was incorporated by Royal Charter on April 4, 1774, from portions of Egg Harbor Township, when it was still part of Gloucester County. Galloway was incorporated as one of the initial group of 104 townships by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. After becoming part of the newly formed Atlantic County in 1837, portions of the township were taken to create Mullica Township (March 13, 1838), Egg Harbor City (June 14, 1858), Absecon town (February 29, 1872), Brigantine Beach borough (now Brigantine city; June 14, 1890) and Port Republic (March 1, 1905).
For pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, students attend the Galloway Township Public Schools. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Pomona Preschool (78) for Kindergarten, four K-6 elementary schools — Arthur Rann Elementary School (652), Reeds Road Elementary School (654), Roland Rogers Elementary School (537) and Smithville Elementary School (636) — along with Galloway Township Middle School with 858 students in grades 7–8.
Public school students in grades 9 – 12 attend Absegami High School, located in the township. In addition, students in the western portion of the township have the option of attending Cedar Creek High School in neighboring Egg Harbor City under the school of choice program. Both high schools are part of the Greater Egg Harbor Regional High School District, a regional public high school district serving students from the constituent districts of Egg Harbor City, Galloway Township, Hamilton Township and Mullica Township. The district also serves students from the districts of the City of Port Republic and Washington Township (in Burlington County) as part of sending/receiving relationships.